Wasteserv - COCOON Interreg Europe
COCOON Interreg Europe


COCOON – Consortium for a Coherent European Landfill Management Strategy


Since the 1950s Europe has been disposing vast levels of waste in landfills. Estimates have revealed that 90% of Europe’s 500,000+ landfills are ‘non-sanitary’ landfills, and have limited environmental protection technologies. The EU has acknowledged that a vision for managing Europe’s landfills is urgently required. Landfills are to be considered as dynamic stocks of resources (landfill gas, water, other) that can be integrated into the economy, while landfill management (LfM) supports reclaiming land and avoids astronomic remediation and aftercare costs. Although many EU regions are already implementing LfM, no targeted, specific European LfM legislation currently exists. Nor are existing Waste Management and Soil Protection policies integrated in an overarching circular economy framework. Therefore, the COCOON objective is to develop, integrate and improve relevant policy instruments, while increasing subsidies through Operational Programmes (OPs) for LfM projects. COCOON brings together distinct EU regions to share and capitalize on regional good practices. As a result of LfM projects, the recovery of resources (landfill gas and water first, other resources later) as well as land recovery is increased while future environmental hazards can be avoided.


This project is being implemented in partnership with the following European organisations over a five-year period:

  • Cleantech Flanders
  • Public Waste Agency of Flanders, Belgium
  • Department of Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment, Cyprus
  • Rijkswaterstaat Agency of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment, Netherlands
  • State Office of Environment of the State of Brandenburg, Germany
  • Environment and Resources Authority, Malta
  • Sanitation Cordoba (SADECO), Spain